Advantages of Laparoscopic Surgery

October 5th, 2010

Laparoscopic or “minimal Access Surgery” is a highly specialized technique for performing surgery of abdomen. In the past, this surgical technique was commonly used only for gynaecologic surgery, for diagnostic laparoscopy in cases of infertility and for gall bladder surgery. Over the last 10 years the use of this specialized surgical technique has expanded into intestinal surgery. In traditional “open” surgery the surgeon uses a single incision to enter into the abdomen. Laparoscopic surgery uses several 0.5-1cm incisions. Each incision is called a “port.” At each port a tubular instrument known as a trochar and cannulla is inserted. Specialized instruments and a special telescope known as a laparoscope are passed through the port during the procedure. At the beginning of the procedure, the patient’s abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide gas to provide a working and viewing space for the laparoscopic surgeon. The laparoscope transmits images from the abdominal cavity to high-resolution video monitors through a digitally advanced camera system in the operating room. During the operation the surgeon watches detailed images of the abdomen on the high resolution monitor. This system allows the surgeon to perform the same operations as traditional surgery but with smaller multiple incisions.However recently single incision laparoscopic surgery is also evolved.

In certain situations a minimal access surgeon may choose to use a special type of port that is large enough to insert a hand known as Hand Port. When a hand port is used the surgical technique is called “hand assisted laparoscopic surgery”. The incision required for the hand port is generally 5.5 cm and hence larger than the other laparoscopic incisions, but is usually smaller than the incision required for traditional surgery.

Advantages of laparoscopic surgery?

Compared to traditional open surgery, patients often experience less pain, an earlier recovery, and less scarring with laparoscopic surgery.

Operations which can be performed using laparoscopic surgery?

Most of the abdominal advanced surgeries can be performed using the laparoscopic technique in experienced hand. These include surgery for gallbladder, duodenal perforation, appendicitis, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis, cancer, rectal prolapse and severe constipation.

In the past there had been concern raised about the safety of laparoscopic surgery for radical cancer operations. But recently several studies involving hundreds of patients have shown that laparoscopic surgery is safe for certain ­colorectal cancers.

How safe is laparoscopic surgery?

Laparoscopic surgery is as very safe as traditional open surgery. At the beginning of a laparoscopic operation the laparoscope is inserted through a small incision near the umbilicus, Either superior crease or inferior crease of umbilicus. The laparoscopic surgeon initially inspects the abdomen by doing diagnostic laparoscopy to determine whether laparoscopic surgery may be safely performed. If there is a large amount of inflammation or if the surgeon encounters other factors that is risky and prevent a clear view of the structures the surgeon may need to make a larger incision in order to complete the operation safely by converting laparoscopic surgery into open surgery.

Any intestinal or abdominal laparoscopic surgery is associated with certain risks such as complications related anaesthesia and bleeding or infectious complications. The risk of any operation is determined in part by the nature of the specific operation and hidden risk factor within the patient itself. An individual’s general health and other medical conditions are also factors that affect the risk of any operation. Patient should discuss with your surgeon your individual risk for any operation. World Laparoscopy Hospital, Gurgaon is very reach in this concern because for poor and needy patient surgery is completely free at World Laparoscopy Hospital.

Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS)

October 5th, 2010

Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) or Single port access (SPA) surgery, also known as laparoscopic endoscopic single-site surgery (LESS), umbilical surgery (OPUS) or single port incision less conventional equipment-utilizing surgery (SPICES) or natural orifice transumbilical surgery (NOTUS), or Embryonic Natural Orifice transumbilical surgery (E-NOTES) is an advanced minimally invasive surgical procedure in which the surgeon operates almost exclusively through a single entry point, typically the patient’s navel. SPA surgical procedures are like many laparoscopic surgeries in that the patient is under general anaesthesia, insufflated and laparoscopic visualization is utilized.The World Laparoscopy Hospital in NCR Delhi is the first hospital in Haryana and only the third in the India to perform a single-port, natural orifice gallbladder surgery through the navel for gallbladder stone disease. During the procedure, surgeons use a single opening in the umbilicus as they manipulate a camera and two laparoscopic instruments to separate the gallbladder from its attachments in the abdomen. The gallbladder is then removed through that same opening. Only a tiny bandage is required to close the navel, and there are no scars.

Single-incision laparoscopic surgery employs the same tools and techniques as conventional laparoscopic surgery and can be used in both men and women. The only difference is a specially-designed port that accommodates the tools.

World Laparoscopy Hospital surgeons have always been leaders in minimally invasive surgery,” says Dr R K Mishra, Director of the World Laparoscopy Hospital and professor of TGO University. “This procedure signals another step forward for our nationally single incision surgery and elevates our efforts to provide the best surgical care while improving patient recovery.”

Dr. Mishra says that single incision laparoscopic surgery should not only for simple surgery like cholecystectomy but should also be used for surgery like donor nephrectomy and for donor who have already decided to give the gift of life and are willing to go through surgery to help a person in need, the possibility of coming through the surgery without scars is a secondary benefit.

Surgeons of India

October 18th, 2009

The Atharvaveda, a sacred text of Hindu dating from the 10th to the 12th centuries B.C., is the first Indic text dealing with surgery. It identifies the causes of disease as living causative agents such as krimi. The Atharvans seek to kill them with a variety of incantations or plant based drugs in order to counter the disease. This approach to disease is quite different compared to the trihumoral theory of Ayurveda. Remnants of the original atharvanic thought did persist, as can be seen in Sushruta’s surgical treatise and in the Garuda Purana — chapter 164. Here following the Atharvan theory, the text suggests the germs as a cause for leprosy. In the same chapter Su?ruta also expands on the role of helminths in disease. Thus the Atharva Veda may be one of the earliest texts to record uses of the antibiotic agents.

The History of Surgery dates from the year 2000 BC in India where Sushruta made important contributions to this domain. His surgical works were translated in Arabic language and made their way to Europe via intermediaries.

The technique of surgery in India has a profound history, as it was first developed by Sushruta (often dubbed as the “father of surgery”), who lived in ancient India around 500 BC. Several centuries down the line, his method of Minimally Invasive Surgery is practiced almost unchanged even today.

Minimal Access Surgery (Laparoscopy, Thoracoscopy, Endoscopy) is the modern technique of the new millennium for doing most of abdominal and thoracic operations. Also known as Minimal Access Surgery, it is one of the most significant advancement of Surgery which took place in the 20th century.

India now became the global health destination for whole world. It is replicating the Thai model, which has been the first Asian destination for International Patients. India benefits from a large staff of world class experts and the ultra-competitive cost advantage it offers.

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